Concerned about the environment, health and animal welfare, the British eat less red meat and more chicken, but unknowingly contribute to deforestation in Latin America, warns Greenpeace in a report published in January.
In the past 20 years, demand for beef, lamb and pork has declined considerably in the UK, a drop that was offset by a 20% increase in chicken meat consumption, according to data the British Department of Environment and Food. Greenpeace's report "How the chicken habit in the UK is fueling the climate emergency" warns, however, that most of these birds feed on soybeans grown in deforested areas. According to the text, 95% of the more than one billion francs sacrificed annually in the country are raised intensively. The United Kingdom imports 3.3 million tonnes of soybeans annually, of which 60% is used by the poultry industry. Most are Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and the United States.
For its report, Greenpeace contacted 23 major British companies, including supermarkets and snack bars, and concluded a "total failure of these brands to control the origin" of their food.
"None of the companies consulted could guarantee that the soy they use in meat production does not come deforested areas," he denounced. "Some, like McDonald's, KFC, Burger King, Nando's and Subway refused to reveal their sales of meat or the use of soy," he said.
Currently, only 2% of soy in the UK is certified as coming zero deforestation zones. "Consumers who eat less red meat are clearly trying to do the right thing for the right reasons," said Chiara Vitali, in charge of Greenpeace's UK forestry campaign.
"But supermarkets and fast food restaurants hide the precious forests that are being destroyed to feed most of the chickens they sell," he added, considering that switching beef to chicken "is tantamount to relocating the UK to South America. emissions our meat consumption ".